Neurology 1

Welcome to your Neurology 1: Somatosensory/motor system, LMN/UMN, Spinal Cord Syndromes Quiz

This quiz has 50 multiple choice questions. Make sure to mark an answer for every question!
You will get the results mailed to the email address indidacted below!

Good luck!

1. Which number in the picture below refers to dendrites?

2. Axons in the central nervous system are insulated by:
3. In synapses, the signals are transmitted to the postsynaptic neuron by means of:
4. "P" in the picture below refers to which lobe?

5. Which part of the central nervous system is located in the brainstem?
6. The mesencephalon is indicated by which number in the picture below?

7. Consider the following cellular elements:

  1. muscle spindle

  2. muscle spindle afferent

  3. interneuron

  4. alpha motor neuron

  5. axon of alpha motor neuron

  6. muscle fibers innervated by axon ramifications of alpha motor neuron

Which of these elements constitute the "motor unit"?
8. The Achilles tendon reflex ("Ankle Jerk"), elicited by tapping the triceps surae tendon with a reflex hammer:
9. Which part of the central nervous system has NO direct connections with the spinal cord?

10. Which statement regarding the pyramidal tract is correct?
11. Specialized, encapsulated cutaneous receptors:
12. Which statement regarding the spinothalamic tract is correct?
13. The phenomenon of "somatotopy":
14. In this transverse section of the spinal cord, which letter indicates a somatosensory tract?

15. Which statement regarding the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system is NOT correct?
16. Autonomic dysreflexia in spinal cord injured patients is especially to be expected...
17. Which part of the CNS is located in the diencephalon?
18. The following structures are part the CNS, except:
19. Which statement is correct? The action potential ______________ .
20. Axons in the peripheral nervous system are insulated by:
21. The patella tendon reflex elicited by a reflex hammer:
22. A barefoot walking person accidentally steps on a sharp piece of glass with their left foot. Reflexively, they withdraw their left leg. The right leg shows a reflex reaction as well - namely:
23. In Parkinson's disease, frequent falls can be attributed to:
24. The gait of a cerebellar patient has the following characteristics, except:
25. A patient has a partial lesio of the thoracic spinal cord, interrupting the left spinothalamic tract and the left dorsal column. They experience sensory loss in their lower body half. What do you expect?
26. When a patient gets a tetraplegia as a consequence of a spinal cord injury, the lesion must be in which part of the spinal cord?
27. A spinal cord injury affecting the conus medullaris has approx. the same effects as:
28. Autonomic dysreflexia is associated with the following signs, except:
29. A Glasgow coma scale score of 14 is to be expected in:
30. Cardinal symptoms of a lower motor neuron lesion are:
31. Which statement is NOT correct? Spinal cord injury …
32. Which part of the spinal cord is spared in a Brown-Séquard syndrome?
33. Which statement regarding bowel function in spinal cord injured patients is correct?
34. What is a ‘scotoma’?
35. A left-sided homonymous hemianopia may be caused by a lesion of:

The picture above shows a shaded cortical area, containing the numbers 10, 12, 13, 21, 22, and 23. This area is part of the....
37. The hippocampus is important for memory functions, especially:
38. Consider four patients, each with a neurological condition since two years, leading to memory problems. Which of them displays ‘temporally graded retrograde amnesia’?
39. Which problem is NOT to be expected in patients with a frontal syndrome?
40. John Johnson went to his garden shed to chop some wood for the fireplace. Ten minutes later his wife came in and saw the log being transformed into thousands of splinters. What is the best term to describe this behavior?
41. A patient frequently bumps into objects on his left, forgets to shave the left side of his face, leaves his left leg often in uncomfortable positions and when asked to draw a person, sketches only half a man. What is the most adequate term to describe this condition?
42. How would you call the unawareness of illness, displayed by some patients with focal brain lesions?
43. Broca’s aphasia:
44. Interviewed a few months after his stroke, a patient declares:
"I talk with difficulty. I worked easily in the old days for the work that I worked, the... very well the... English – the... to work in the... and thus, now, I do not talk of anything. Absolutely of that: nothing, nothing, nothing, nothing! I worked because I worked in the old days..."

What would be an appropriate description of this language disturbance?
45. Which of the following patients shows signs of ideomotor apraxia?
46. Which kind of apraxia causes problems especially in sequencing the component parts of a complex motor act and in the use of objects?
47. What is the most adequate characterization of the cause of multiple sclerosis?
48. Symptoms that are especially prominent in the late phase of MS include:
49. Which statement regarding ‘primary progressive MS’ is correct?
50. Which type of drug is often succesfully employed to relieve and shorten the acute exacerbations (relapses) of MS?