Shoulder Assessment

Sulcus Sign | Inferior Shoulder Instability Assessment

Check our shop
Sulcus Sign

Sulcus Sign | Inferior Shoulder Instability Assessment

The Sulcus Sign is an orthopedic test to assess inferior shoulder instability or laxity of the inferior capsule of the glenohumeral joint. Eshoi et al. (2018) have evaluated the inter-rater reliability of this test and the authors have found a moderate degree of reliability with a Kappa k of 0.48.

Performance: The Patient stands or sits with the arm by the side and shoulder muscles relaxed. Then you grasp the patient´s forearm below the elbow and pull distally.
This test is positive in case of the
appearance of a little dip under the acromion or the feeling of subluxation which indicates inferior instability or glenohumeral laxity. Be careful though if you have a positive sulcus sign on both sides as this outcome is not as clinically relevant as only unilateral laxity on the affected side.

Other common tests to assess shoulder instability are:

Apprehension Test (Anterior Shoulder Instability)

Relocation Test (Anterior Shoulder Instability)

Release / Surprise Test (Anterior Shoulder Instability)

Load and Shift Test (Anterior + Posterior Instability)

 

21 OF THE MOST USEFUL ORTHOPAEDIC TESTS IN CLINICAL PRACTICE

Physiotutors Free Assessment E-book

References

Eshoj H, Ingwersen KG, Larsen CM, Kjaer BH, Juul-Kristensen B. Intertester reliability of clinical shoulder instability and laxity tests in subjects with and without self-reported shoulder problems. BMJ open. 2018 Mar 1;8(3):e018472.

LIKE WHAT YOU’RE LEARNING?

BUY THE FULL PHYSIOTUTORS ASSESSMENT BOOK

  • 600+ Pages e-Book
  • Interactive Content (Direct Video Demonstration, PubMed articles)
  • Statistical Values for all Special Tests from the latest research
  • Clinical Value Recommendation
  • Detailed descriptions & searchable
  • Currently on Version 5.0 – Free lifetime updates
  • Available in 🇬🇧 🇩🇪 🇫🇷 🇪🇸 🇮🇹 🇵🇹 🇹🇷
  • And much more!
E-Book

ALL ORTHOPEDIC TESTS IN ONE PLACE

SEE ALL PRODUCTS
Assessment app banner
Assessment E-book
Reviews

What customers have to say about the Assessment E-Book

Wait before you leave! LEVEL UP YOUR DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS IN RUNNING RELATED HIP PAIN

In this FREE 2-part-webinar by 
Running Rehab Expert BENOY MATHEW