Knee Assessment

Jerk Test Knee | Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear

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Jerk Test Knee

Jerk Test Knee | Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear

Hughston et al. (1976) proposed this test in a series on the classification of knee ligament instabilities. The jerk test aims to test the integrity of the anterior cruciate ligament along with the anterolateral compartment of the knee. It can be seen as a pivot shift test in reverse as the stressing movements are done in the opposite order.

The test has not undergone diagnostic accuracy assessment thus the clinical value remains questionable.

The test starts with the patient in supine lying position, the hip flexed to 45° and the knee flexed to 90°.

Use one hand to apply internal tibial rotation and place the other hand over the proximal tibial plateau and fibula and apply a valgus force to the knee.

The knee is then slowly extended. The test is positive if there is a sudden acceleration or Jerk during the movement usually at around 30° of flexion characterized by the anterior subluxation of the lateral tibial plateau. The tibia will suddenly reduce again when the knee reaches full extension.

21 OF THE MOST USEFUL ORTHOPAEDIC TESTS IN CLINICAL PRACTICE

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Other common tests to assess for an ACL tear are:

 

References

Hughston, J. C., Andrews, J. R., Cross, M. J., & MoscHI, A. R. N. A. L. D. O. (1976). Classification of knee ligament instabilities. Part I. The medial compartment and cruciate ligaments. JBJS, 58(2), 159-172.

Jensen, K. (1990). Literature Review: Manual Laxity Tests for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 11(10), 474-481.

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